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Thursday, July 20, 2017

Presidential Election 2017 : Ram Nath Kovind set to enter Rashtrapati Bhawan

The detabte, the discussion and the wait has over now!. The India elected BJP's candidate Ram Nath Kovind as its next president and this will be first chance for the saffron brigade to step into the country's most elite address, the Rashtrapati Bhawan.
The BJP candidate Ram Nath Kovind, the former Bihar Governor, is set to become the 14th President of the India. He will take the oath of office on the 25th July 2017 and then move to Raisina Hill palace.

The Ram Nath Kovind received 65.65% votes and Meira Kumar received 34.35% votes.

After the India elected him as president, now the debate has started Will the condition of Dalit in the country improve now?

For the last two months, there were uproars in the country for the India's 14th president. Instead of focusing on the candidate's education, experience, ability, there were debate on their caste during these two months why the political parties were focusing on the candidate's caste, it had seen that the presidential election has turn into Dalit versus Dalit. 

The wait has over today but do you know how BJP and Opposition chose its candidate...

Read the the full story :
As we all know that the current president's tenure is going to end on 24th July, 2017 but it is mandatory that the next president must be elected before the end of tenure of the outgoing president. It would be very good if India elect the next mahamahim unanimously.

The ECI has declared the date for the next president's election which was scheduled to be held on 17th July and counting will be done on 20th July.

As soon as the election commission declared date for the presidential election, the BJP and Opposition started searching for its candidate. The opposition was thinking to talk to Modi government for a consensus candidate, on the otherhand it was also planning to field its candidate if the government decline their offer as it was being seen to be possible.

It was the BJP who first announce the then Bihar Governor Ram Nath Kovind for the next president on 19th July 2017. While the opposition declared Meira Kumar former Lok Sabha Speaker as their candidate on 22th July 2017.

As we all were aware that there is going to be contest in the presidential election because there are two candidate for the countries top post, therefore it is sure to be big fight, and the most important thing is that both the candidates were from Dalit community.

It seems that the every parties are trying to make Dalit community a vote bank so they have played a caste politics for the country's next president. Although there were two contestant in the run therefore it has already decided that the next president will not be elected without election and there was no doubts that next president will be from Dalit background, it would be better if all the political parties would have make consensus without any political benifit so that the president could be elected unanimously.

Although both the candidates were busy in their campaign.
Who will be the India's next president? the answer was blowing in the people's mind.

Lets have brief about the presidential candidate.

>> NDA Presidential candidate : Ram Nath Kovind
Early life and Education :
Kovind was, 71, born on 1 October 1945 in the Dalit weaver caste of Koris in the village Paraunkh, Distt. Kanpur Dehat, Uttar Pradesh. He had done LLB from Kanpur and then after that he went to Delhi to prepare for the civil services. He had passed the exam on his third attempt, but he did not join as he was selected for an allied service instead of IAS and latter started practicing law in Delhi. He practised for about 16 years untill 1993 in the Delhi High Court and Supreme Court.

Career :
He became personal assistant to the former PM Morarji Desai in 1970 and latter he joined BJP in the year 1991. Ram Nath Kovind was the president of BJP Dalit Morcha between 1998 and 2002 and also president of All India Koli Samaj. He has also served as the national spokesperson of the BJP.

He was then elected as Rajya Sabha MP from UP twice between 1994 and 2006. As a Rajya Sabha member he has served on the Parliamentary Committee for Welfare of Scheduled Caste/Tribes, Social Justice and Empowerment, Home Affairs, Law and Justice. He also served as the chairman of the Rajya Sabha House Committee.

During his career as Rajya Sabha member he had focused on the education in the rural areas and for this he had helped in the construction of school buildings in Uttar Pradesh and Uttrakhand.

Latter the President of India appointed Ram Nath Kovind as the Governor of Bihar. The Chief Justice of Patna High Court, Iqbal Ahmad Ansari, had administered the oath of Mr. Kovind as the 36th Governor of Bihar.

>> Opposition Presidential Candidate : Meira Kumar
Meira Kumar was born on the 31st March, 1945, at Distt. Arrah, Bihar. She is a daughter of former Deputy Prime Minister and a prominent Dalit leader Jagjivan Ram. Her mother Indrani Devi was also a freedom fighter.

She completed her schooling from Welham Girl's School in Dehradun and Maharani Gayatri Devi Girl's School in the Jaipur, Rajsthan.

She also studying for a short time at the Banasthanli Vidyapith in Rajsthan and latter Meira Kumar completed her M.A and L.L.B from Indraprastha College for Women and Miranda House, Delhi University.

Meira Kumar joined Indian Foreign Service and spent her life in many countries in the year 1975. She can speak Spanish fluently.

In the year 1985 she left IFS to entered into the politics and joined Indian National Congress. She was elected as member of parliament in the 8th, 11th, 12th, 14th, 15th Lok Sabha Eelection. In his first term as MP, she had defeated two prominent Dalit leaders, Ram Vilash Paswan and Mayawati, in the Bijnor, Uttar Pradesh bye polls in 1985.

She joined Indian National Congress and won from Bijnor, Uttar Pradesh, defeating the two prominent Dalit leaders, Ram Vilash Paswan and Mayawati. She was MP of the 6th, 11th, 12th Lok Sabha from the Karol Bagh parliament constituency in Delhi.

She was also get elected from Sasaram in Bihar in the 2004 Loksabha election.

The Banasthali Vidyapith had awarded an honorary doctorate to Meira Kumar in the year 2010.

She has served as the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment in the UPA government from 2004-2009. Latter She became the first women speaker of the Lok Sabha for the term 2009-2014.

>> Why BJP chose Ram Nath Govind and kept secret untill last moment?
— A Dalit leader
Ram Nath Kovind belongs to a poor family of dalit community and despite of that he has achieved higher study. Being a member of Rajya Sabha in 1994, he has developed his village into a 'model village', built roads, open a girl high school, open branch of State bank of India, a community center and set up electricity meters in every house of the village. Not only his village but he also contributed into the development of the Kanpur city as member of parliament.

— Identity Politics of Hindi Heartland
Mr. Kovind is a best example of Dalit empowerment, one that is closely linked to the indentity politics of the Hindi spoken state. The identity of Dalit has become more important this time, because of the increasing caste violence, rise of the Bhim Army and protest Dalit against the upper cast attrocities after the BJP elevated Yogi Adityanath as the Chief Minister of the Uttar Pradesh.

As the PM Modi had said many time that my government is dedicated to pro-poor and pro-weaker section of the country and that has also shown in the implementation of scheme and in the political matters of the party also. Therefore the presidential candidate had to be a Dalit or a Tribal or a women so that the message go to the public that the Modi government is truely dedicated to pro-poor and pro-weaker section.

The NDA had won more than 100 seats in the 2014 general election from together Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, the Ram Nath Kovind, a symbol of Dalit empowerment, can play a key role to woo the Dalit community in these two states that will ensure the maximum seats in the 2019 Lok Sabha election.

Also aimed to break the opposition, now can any one oppose a Dalit candidate?.

— Ideal as Governor
As a Governor of Bihar his role was very ideal, impartiality and always stick to the constitution while taking decision on the state's issue. The Bihar government had never complained regarding the Governor role. He had backed the initiatives taken by the Bihar Government and cleared every bill sent to him that also include the controversial liquor ban legislation in the state. He always consulted the CM and the education minister of the state while appointing on higher post as the chancellor of universities.

When the center had appointed Mr. Kovind as a Bihar Governor before the two months of the state assembly, both the Nitish Kumar and Lalu Yadav were suspicious of the center motives, even Lalu Yadav openly objected the appointment of the Ram Nath Kovind. But as the Governor of Bihar, he always tried to reduce the bitterness between Modi and the Nitish Kumar that show his erudition and broad vision.

The Patna Raj Bhavan remained a low-key power centre, means he never interfere in the government work and never conflict with the government, in his tenure as the Governor, this could also be the another reason why PM Modi chose him for the presidential post.

— Blessed By The RSS
Ram Nath Kovind is not RSS insider and have never attended an RSS shakha but it said to be very close to the RSS due to his Sangh related social actitivies. He has done much more to uphold the Sangh Ideals, for instance in his first term as the Rajya Sabha member, he had led an agitation against the UPA government, in which the govt wanted to give reservation privileges to Dalit Christians and Dalit Muslims, and had called it a fraud on the constitution.

Due to his strategy and active participation in the Sangh related social activities, that impressed the Sangh Parivar, the BJP rewarded him as the Bihar Governor.

While he was heading the Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee Research Foundation, which is Sangh body in Delhi, that time he also had earned a lot of reputation as a Dalit intellectual. He had introduce a lecture series of eminent citizens, that included top BJP-RSS leaders in the foundation in place of just producing literature on the RSS ideology.

Because of that RSS has blessed him for the country's top post.

— A Modest Man
He is a formal, no-nonsense, quiet, non-intrusive and also a sticker for the rules and constitution. Nobody has seen him loose his temper while he was Bihar Governor and never refuse an invitation especially if it comes from his staff. He is a voracious reader who likes to spend time with the books, watching TV only for the news. Because of that he is said to be a modest man.

>> Kept secret untill last moment
It was the secret mission of the PM Modi and Amit Shah, as the party suddenly announced his candidature that shows PM Modi and Amit Shah had already decided on the Mr. Kovind name for the presidential post but it kept secret untill last movement in that way in which nobody could thought of that.

As it said to have that it is Amit Shah who first spotted the Mr. Kovind during the Lok Sabha election in 2014. Actually after the defeat in the 2012 assembly election in the Uttar Pradesh, the BJP needed someone like Ram Nath Kovind, a Kori Dalit a caste group, to tackle Mayawati and any other non-Jatav Dalit alliance in the Uttar Pradesh.

That Ram Nath Kovind was BJP's Dalit Morcha national president, the party appointed him BJP's general secretary of the state. During 2014 general election Mr. Kovind wanted to contest Lok Sabha polls but Mr. Shah directed him to tackle the Dalit challenge. He had gracefully accepted the decision of Amit Shah. The regard for the party discipline and decision of the senior leaders by Ram Nath Kovind endeared him to BJP's president Amit Shah.

The BJP again awarded him as Governor of Bihar on 8 August 2015 just before two months of 2015 assembly elections. The people may remember the PM's speeches in Saharsa during the 2015 Bihar assembly election campaign in which PM Modi has praised the Ram Nath Kovind.

He has become the favourite Dalit leader for the PM Modi and Amit Shah, therefore the BJP has chose him for the nation's top coveted post.

>>Why Nitish Kumar supported Ram Nath Kovind?
The Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar has surprised both his rivals and the supporters by announcing his decision to support the NDA's presidential candidate Ram Nath Kovind. Actually Nitish Kumar has initiated talks for the unity of the opposition parties for the presidential elections and propose to have consensus opposition candidate or announce Pranab Mukherjee for a second term but the sudden announcement by Nitish Kumar has surprised the other political parties and the people also, therefore the motives behind the decision was being talking about...

The expected motives can be :

— Remain with opposition
The main opposition party Congress Party has called a meeting on the 26th May to discuss about the opposition presidential candidate but Nitish Kumar had skipped the meeting saying that he is busy in the Bihar government program. But he attended a lunch which had hosted by PM Modi in the honour of visiting Mauritius PM Pravind Jagnauth. Nitish Kumar had said that their unity on the issue was intact when asked by the media just after attending the lunch. But what happened after the 27th May that forced Nitish Kumar to change his mind and take a u turn.

— Opposition's delay on the candidate announcement
The denial, by the Pranav Mukherjee for the second term, has dampened the Nitish Kumar but he was still waited for Mukherjee to change his mind. Latter it was clear to him that Pranav Mukherjee would stick to his mind of not going for a second term. Now the hopes of Nitish pinned on the candidate selection by the opposition. The opposition led by Congress president Sonia Gandhi met on 14th June, 2017 but they could not decide on the candidate and the meeting ended without any conclusion. The dispersed opposition decided to meet again.

The BJP's Parliamentary Board shocked the opposition parties including Nitish Kumar by announcing Bihar Governor and a Dalit leader Ram Nath Kovind as the NDA presidential candidate on 19th June 2017. Nitish Kumar immediately went Patna Raj Bhawan to congratulate Ram Nath Kovind soon after the announcement by the BJP and praised him.

From that day the question arose that will Nitish Kumar support Ram Nath Kovind. The Pranav Mukherjee has decline for the second term, the BJP announced Mr. Kovind and the oppositiion party have still undecided on credible face who would be in a position to give Ram Nath Kovind a strong finght, the Bihar Chief Minister was not left any option except to tender support to NDA candidate. After two days Nitish Kumar finally 21st June 2017 declared that the JDU would support to Ram Nath Kovind.

— BJP's support and 2020 Assembly in mind
The Nitish Kumar wants to keep option of seeking the support BJP open, if required to run the current state government of Bhiar. The relations of the JDU with his alliance partner RJD has reached on the lowest level after the ED, IT, CBI raided on the premises of Lalu Prasad and family in the connection with the benami property. The CBI has registered a case against Bihar deputy CM Tejaswi Yadav and the pressurised the RJD to give his resignation on the moral ground. But the Tejaswi Yadav has refused to resign, if the Mahagathbandhan breaks then Nitish Kumar can survive its government by the support of BJP.

Lets talk about 2020, it is very important for the Nitish Kumar than 2019, it seems he has realised. The Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar knows that it is unlikey the opposition unite for the 2019 general election and even if united there is little chance of to be their prime ministerial candidate to compete with Narendra Modi. And, thought for the little moment he become the united opposition candidate, even then it would be very difficult to defeat Modi in the present circumstances.

Thirdly if the Mahagathbandhan survives this full term, it would be very difficult for the Nitish Kumar to contest the next assembly election with RJD. Because the Lalu Yadav and family has again indulged in benami property case and the Nitish Kumar has always asserted that zero tolerance against the corruption is our main agenda.

In that case he would have to depends on the BJP's support. Therefore he wants to kept the option open to have support of BJP if required after 2020 assembly election. Because of that Nitish Kumar had supported the PM Modi policy time to time, totally different from other opposition parties views, like at the time of demonetisation and surgical strikes.

Failing in the oppositin unity, this time Nitish Kumar has shifted his focus to 2020 Bihar assembly election, it seems 2019 is not the priority now for him. This can be also the reason Nitish Kumar declared JDU support to Ram Nath Kovind for the coveted post.

— Dalit Politics 
A large number of Dalit were voted to Nitish Kumar during the 2015 assembly election despite the presence of other Dalit leader eg. Ram Vilash Paswan and Jitan Ram Manghi. It seems he had this point in his mind while deciding on the support, he knows this point is very crucial for him which ramification can be wider.

The Dalit community plays a major role in the Bihar politics due to this the Nitish Kumar had carved out Mahadalits from Dalit to create a seperate votebank. If he go against Kovind it means going against aspirations and wishes of the Dalits. Therefore he decided to support Ram Nath Kovind to retain the Dalit votebank in the 2020 assembly elections.

— Show distance with PM Modi
When Nitish Kumar declared his decision to support Kovind, it was believed that it may be he would soon join NDA and by supporting Kovind he had surrendered itself before PM Modi, but it is far from reality.

If these would be reason why Nitish Kumar opposes third International Yoga Day. The whole world was celebrating Yoga day but it was the Bihar who officially not observing the Yoga Day. By supporting Kovind he has not totally sided with the BJP but has maintained a same distance with both the opposition and BJP.

On the issue of support he has decided on the need of the circumtances, this time he has taken all his decisions keeping 2020 Bihar assembly elections in the mind.

>> Why Opposition picked Meira Kumar against NDA Ram Nath Kovind?
The announcement of Dalit leader, Ram Nath Kovind by NDA for its presidential candidate, the Congress Party left no option to announce Meira Kumar, a Dalit leader as its candidate for the coveted post so that the all opposition parties keep united, specially for Nitish Kumar to rethink his decision to support NDA candidate.

It is the Nitish Kumar who surprise the country to declared his decision to support the Ram Nath Kovind for the next president.

But the Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar did not change his mind on the name of Meira Kumar and said that the opposition took too much time on the decision of the candidate. He said that the opposition should have make agenda for the 2019 general election while taking decision on the presidential candidate and now it is sure Meira Kumar is going to loose, the opposition have announce the Bihar ki beti to loose.

The Mayawati have also indicated to support Ram Nath Kovind if the opposition did not announce a suitable candidate but the Meira Kumar name compell BSP and Mayawati announce to support her.

The Meira Kumar is a Dalit leader and also a women it could be also the reason for his selection. The opposition have certainly follow the NDA in the selection of candiate, therefore they announce Meira Kumar as its presidential candidate. The one thing that is similar in the both candidate is the Dalit community.

After the NDA annoucement the Congress got pressure from other regional parties to select a similar candidate, therefore Meira Kumar being a women and also a Dalit seems to be the suitable candidate to fight with the Ram Nath Kovind.

>> Why is it being seen as Dalit versus Dalit presidential contest?
Both the parties the BJP and the Opposition had declared a Dalit candidate for the country's coveted post. But do you have any clue Why both of them highlighted their candidate's caste?.

The parties should have focused on the merits, ability, experience of the candidate without highlighting their caste while accouncing the name.

Actually both of them have announced their candidates as part of large political benefits focusing on to woo Dalit community as their votebank. The Bihar CM Nitish Kumar who had got big support from Dalits section in the 2015 assembly election, this time too by supported NDA candidate keeping in mind 2020 assembly election in which Dalit community definitly will play a crucial role.Therefore it is bening seen as Dalit versus Dalit.

If the government and the opposition are serious for Dalits, they must go much beyond this political benefits. In today circumtances, the Dalits need education, jobs and healthcare, something which the political parties talked about at the of elections only.

>> Who have big numbers?
The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) and parties like Janata Dal United and Biju Janata Dal and some other parties from south have supported to Ram Nath Kovind in the prsidential election. There are about 10,98,903 electoral votes which had voted in the presidential election.

The 63% of the total electoral votes will go to Bihar Governor Ram Nath Kovind while the opposition candidate Meira Kumar will get 35% votes. This vote percent have counted as per the electoral votes that are in favour of NDA candidates.

All the electoral have voted for the president on the 17th July 2017. As the large number of support is in favour of Ram Nath Kovind, therefore it is sure that Ram Nath Kovind will be India's next president. The votes are counted and the India's next President will be announced on 20th July 2017 then the it will be clear that how biggest and closet victory margins in the presidential elections.

>> Why the Caste politics in the presidential election?
Here we all knows the president of India is the first citizen of the country and first keeper of the Indian constitution. Therefore the office of the president should be above the caste, religions or gender focus and party politics. And the candidate for this coveted post should not be the part of big political agenda on the part of the government or the opposition parties.

There were two candidate who contested for the coveted post one is NDA's candidate Ram Nath Kovind and other is Opposition candidate Meira Kumar. When the candidate one who will be the first keeper of the constitution of India, the caste should not be matter. So it does not matter that the candidate is upper caste or obc or a dalit and the political parties should also keep in mind while selecting the candidate.

By looking his/her education, profession and political experience no one can doubts the credentials of both of them. We must look both of them as a strong, experienced political leader without highlighting their caste. Why caste dragged in the presidential election?

But as the BJP announced Ram Nath Kovind as a NDA candidate for the presidential election it seems that the BJP had declared Mr.Kovind for the large political benefits keeping in 2019 general election. And the Congress party, following the NDA, had also declared the Meira Kumar to woo the Dalit community.

The presidential election cannot be occured without the caste politics. Do you think, is it the failure of Indian democracy?

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